Who is Somyot? part 1
Biography of Somyot Pruksakasemsuk part 1
Born on 20 September 1961.
Somyot Pruksakasemsuk was born into a Chinese-Thai family with altogether seven siblings. His keen interest in politics was noted since he was young. In his junior high school student shorts, he tagged along his older brother to join the demonstrations during the 14 October 1976 uprising for democracy. It planted a seed of democracy in him keeping his yearning for social justice always alight.
During the 6 October uprising in 1979, three years later, still a secondary school student at Debsirin, he participated in political activities in full scale with his friends from Technical Colleges.
After completing his education at Debsirin, he went to Ramkhamhaeng University.
In 1981, he started his student activism with the Ramkhamhaeng Student Group for Labour Issue Study.
An avid activist while at Ramkhamhaeng, he dedicated himself to fighting for human rights and justice. He joined the Seree Tham Group (former name) and organized activities for workers in factories and grassroots communities. It was aimed at engendering awareness on civilian rights and liberties and democracy along. He was also writing prolifically then.
He was one of the earlier unionists in Thailand trying to unionize workers, training them on legal knowledge, organizing camp activities for the workers, organizing public demonstrations to oppose the dictator rule, etc.
He was very active in Phra Pra Daeng industrial zones in Samut Prakan covering Thai Garment Labour Union, Textile Promotion Labour Union, Thai Kriang Labour Union, Pipat Labour Relations Union, Century Labour Union, Metro Labour Union, etc., most of which were involved with textile, garment, steel and metal industries.
In 1984, Somyot joined the Union for Civil Liberties (UCL) as a staff member and volunteer to promote labour rights.
In the same year, UCL focused on Om Noi and Om Yai as its main project sites and embarked on organizing training on labour law, setting up labour clinics, supporting association and unionization among the workers, since workers in these areas got lower pay and lesser benefits than other workers.
In 1986, he joined the Young Christian Worker (YCW) as a full time staff member. The NGO advocated the organization of young workers. Somyot got to learn how the workers lived their lives, planned together with them for schemes to better their livelihood. An NGO with international networks in Asia, Europe and America, YCW had members including workers from factories in Phra Pra Daeng and Bang Pli, Samut Prakan, and Ransit, Pathumthani. As Coordinator and staff member, Somyot was instrumental in the campaigns for social security law promoting the organization and education among union members.
In 1991, after the seize of power by the National Peace Keeping Council (NPKC) from the civilian government led by Gen. Chartchai Chunhawan, the Prime Minister, Somyot and his colleagues started the Project to Train Workers on Documentation and Information. With support from activist friends domestically and abroad, his project has developed into the Center for Labour Information Service and Training (CLIST) later with the aims to;
- Train and raise awareness of workers on their rights
- Promote the organization of workers to increase their bargaining power and to effectively demand improvement of working condition to enhance their quality of life
- Advocate democratic unionization
- Promote the roles and organization of women workers and women leaderships
- Advocate amendments of labour law to better protect labour rights and benefits and to help protect their rights when their labour rights are disrespected or violated
- Train and provide for other educational activities to help workers be aware of their rights
- Promote organization among the workers so that they can use it to increase their leverage to demand the improvement of working condition and enhance their quality of life
- Organize training
- Promote organization among workers
- Advocate labour policy
- Offer legal aid
- Publish newsletters for workers (edited by Somyot himself)
For more than a decade at CLIST, Somyot fought together with workers and labour movements and their many demands have been met. For example, the enactment of Social Security Act, 90 day-maternity-leave, an increase of child support allowances, support and solidarity given to particular labour movements such as the case of Kader workers, Thai-Belgium workers, Eden Group workers, etc., until they could get severance pay higher than the amount prescribed by law. In addition, CLIST under Somyot’s management also gave fervent support to help women workers form their Women Workers for Freedom Group, the formation of the Chemical Workers Unions Alliance (CWUA), Alliance of Democratic Trade Unions (ADTU). Due to budget problem, CLIST had to terminate all activities in May 2007 after 16 years (1991-2007) under the directorship of Somyot.
Somyot’s published works on political and labour issues include;
- Unemployment Benefit (Social Security): The hope of employees and unemployed workers
- The meaning and value of labour union
- Collective Bargaining and Negotiation
- An exposé of Thaksin
- Under the evil rule
His inspiration to work on labour issue stems from his experience working in a Volvo car factory. He chose to work there for a short stint in order to learn how difficult the life of a worker was and later produced a manual on how the workers can propose their demands. His easy to read manual also helps the workers understand how they are put under exploitative environment and how the economic rent has been stolen from them.
With the closure of CLIST, Somyot turned to journalism which he has been keen on and became Editor of Siam Parithat (“Siam Review”).
After the coup on 19 September 2006, Somyot joined the movement to oppose the Council for Democratic Reform (CDR), the coup maker. He joined the National United Front of Democracy Against Dictatorship, which has later developed into the United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship (UDD) and later became part of the second batch of its core members.
While mobilizing against the 19 September Coup, Somyot formed the “24th of June for Democracy” Group in early June 2007 during the commemoration of the 75th anniversary of the establishment of democracy in Thailand. The 24th of June for Democracy Group aims to (1) disseminate information and instill the spirit of democracy in general public, (2) mobilize people from all walks of life to against any form of dictatorship, (3) collaborate with civic organizations inside and outside the country to promote democratic society for justice, rights, liberties and equality in society.
Though Somyot was part of the second batch of the core members of UDD, but since May 2007, he quitted from the role and ceased to be UDD leader and has not been involved with any activity by UDD.
On 24 May 2010, while reporting himself to the Crime Suppression Division, Somyot was arrested on arrest warrant. He was held in custody together with Assistant Professor Suthachai Yimprasert, from Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University. They were arrested as alleged offenders invoking Section 11(1) of the Emergency Decree on Government Administration in States of Emergency B.E. 2548 (2005) which prescribes that “to issue a notification that a competent official shall have the power of arrest and detention of a person suspected of having a role in causing the emergency situation, or being an instigator, making the propagation, a supporter of such act or concealing relevant information relating to the act which caused the State of Emergency”.
When he was arrested on the emergency decree warrant, he was editor of “Voice of Taksin” or “Voice of the Downtrodden”. He wanted to make the magazine a mouthpiece for the lower class, the people whose voices are unheard in society so that they can convey their feeling and needs. His professional journalism has always been steered toward the candid portrayal political, economic and social issues.
On 12 June 2010, the Court dismissed the request by Center for Resolution of Emergency Situation (CRES) to extend the detention of Somyot for the third time claiming that there was no necessity to hold him in custody as the unrest has been put out and therefore he should be released.